Tag Archives: market

Last step of “agrarian transition”. Watch the video-clip introduction.

This Week Guillaume Lestrelin came in Phnom Penh. He managed some time on his schedule to record the video-clip introduction of his course. Here is it :

This kind of clip allows students to have a visual contact with the author. It gets the content more friendly, and improve the interactivity between students and the teacher. As Guillaume said, it’s not easy to watch himself on video, but, from my point of view, it definitely worth it, as far as students would appreciate such initiative.

Rapid forest lands degradation under conventional tillage farming

More fertile and accessible forest lands are first reclaimed for farming. As the land is saturated and so expensive, the farmers reclaim everywhere possible even though it is illegal. The poorest are in vicious cycle of pushing by high land price and pulling by available forest lands thanks to high price of agricultural produces and Thai market. The farmers were happy exploiting from the soil by cultivating 2 crops per year without applying any organic or chemical fertilizers. Continuous intensive soil tillage with mono-cropping practice has rapidly degraded the soil and pests prevalence leading to more and more uses of agro-chemicals and profitability decline.

Rapid forest lands degradation under conventional tillage farming

More fertile and accessible forest lands are first reclaimed for farming. As the land is saturated and so expensive, the farmers reclaim everywhere possible even though it is illegal. The poorest are in vicious cycle of pushing by high land price and pulling by available forest lands thanks to high price of agricultural produces and Thai market. The farmers were happy exploiting from the soil by cultivating 2 crops per year without applying any organic or chemical fertilizers. Continuous intensive soil tillage with mono-cropping practice has rapidly degraded the soil and pests prevalence leading to more and more uses of agro-chemicals and profitability decline.

01-2012; RM; Rada Kong.
01-2012; RM; Rada Kong.

Intensive soil tillage: the basis of conventional farming

July 2012 ; Rattanak Mundol, Battambang, By Rada Kong
July 2012 ; Rattanak Mundol, Battambang, By Rada Kong

The myth of becoming rich with annual cash crops farming was widely spreading in the early 2000s, where the soil was recently reclaimed and still fertile, and the price of cereals was increasing thanks to Thai markets. The farmers used to cultivate 2 crops per year like corn and corn as seen in the photo. Soil tillage is done at least twice for each crops leading rapid soil degradation, increasing weed populations and cost of chemical fertilizers.