Tag Archives: migration

Landscape in Rattanak Moudoul district, Battambang

Landscape in Rattanak Moudoul district, Battambang, Florent Tivet, 10-2014
Landscape in Rattanak Moudoul district, Battambang, Florent Tivet, 10-2014

 

Landscape in Rattanak Moudoul district, Battambang province. Since 1998, population migrations along the pioneer front resulted in large-scale forest conversions due to the rapid expansion of annual upland cash crops. Migrations have been also stimulated by flourishing international agribusinesses of cereals and tubers that facilitated farmers’ access to agricultural mechanization and agro-chemicals. Small to medium landholders were involved in this rapid conversion of vast degraded forest lands into cultivated land (from 120,000 ha in 2000 to 800,000 ha in 2012), leading to what can be considered as the first and biggest national social land concession. Intensive mono-cropping mainly for cassava and maize productions, based on tillage and herbicide use has resulted in significant soil erosion and land degradation. In a general context of labor scarcity, resources-rich farmers cope with the risks by shifting from annual crops to perennial crops. Poorest farmers who cannot afford such strategies may further fall into the poverty trap by selling out their land to the other farmer groups to become wage-earners in their former land. Ultimately, land concentration process may benefit the multinational agribusinesses that are engaged in large-scale land grabbing.

Rural migration in Northwestern Cambodian uplands

In Cambodia, a silent but massive migration from rural lowland to rural upland areas was observed in the early 2000s after the win-win policy of the royal government for the Khmer Rouge’s integration. The film highlights the drivers of migration and unregulated or even illicit tenure transfer led to enormous forest lands reclamation in the Northwestern uplands for annual crops farming. It shows the process of social differentiation and the fate of migrants, the poor rice-farmers, who were struggling to occupy and secure a plot of farmed land for living. The clip contents could be summarized as below:

-Massive migration into peripheral regions

-Land access: forest lands allocation and illegal tenure right transfer

-Marginalization of the land-poor and landless

 

Pedagogical Leaflet

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